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What is Obesity ?

Initiated by Dr. Praveen Raj

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WHAT IS OBESITY ?

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health. It is a lifelong progressive, life threatening disease which can significantly reduce life expectancy. When weight reaches extreme levels, it is called MORBID OBESITY which is prone to develop numerous medical, psychological and social consequences. It can be defined based on the Body Mass Index into various categories as shown below. BMI = wt(kg) / [ht(m²)]

BMI is a useful general guideline and is a good estimator of body fat for most adults between 19 and 70 years of age, However, it may not be an accurate measurement of body fat for body builders, certain athletes, and pregnant women.

  • Healthy weight is defined as BMI equal to or greater than 19 and less than 25
  • BMI greater than or equal to 25 is overweight
  • BMI greater than or equal to 30 is obesity
  • BMI greater than or equal to 35 or 40 is severe obesity
  • BMI of greater than or equal to 35 or 40 - 44.9 or 49.9 is morbid obesity
  • BMI of greater than or equal to 45 or 50 is super obesity

Obesity is also defined by waist size - over 90 cm in males and over 80 cm in females. With every single increase in BMI, the chances of developing diseases like Diabetes, Hypertension increases.

Causes of Obesity and How obesity can affect you ?

 

 

 

 

 

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Single incision laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery
© 2017 GEM Obesity & Diabetes Surgery Centre - Updated by GEM Hospital IT Department